# Interesting primes

When I found the extremely interesting and efficient (and free) program PARI-GP, which supports very efficiently unlimitedly large numbers and which can, among many other things, factorize and test primality really fast, certain prime numbers with a specific form started to interest me.

One interesting group of prime numbers is the one of the form 10n+a, where n and a are integers and n>0 and a>0 (ie. for example numbers of the form 10n+3 are 13, 103, 1003, 10003 and so on).

The table below shows all the values of n between 1 and 1000 and a between 3 and 51 for which 10n+a is a prime number (ie. if n is 5 and a is 3, the number in question is 100003).

an
3 1, 2, 5, 6, 11, 17, 18, 39, 56, 101, 105, 107, 123, 413, 426
7 1, 2, 4, 8, 9, 24, 60, 110, 134, 222, 412, 700, 999
9 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 18, 22, 45, 49, 56, 69, 146, 202, 272
13 1, 2, 3, 17, 25, 81, 140, 142, 152, 280, 291, 406
19 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 17, 59, 81, 108, 574, 629
21 1, 3, 9, 17, 55, 77, 133, 195, 357
27 1, 2, 83, 167, 242
31 1, 2, 3, 14, 18, 44, 54, 89, 469
33 1, 3, 6, 9, 10, 31, 47, 70, 281, 366, 519, 532, 775
37 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 13, 15, 39, 169, 184, 228, 255, 279, 632
39 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 20, 72, 196, 676
43 1, 5, 37, 253
49 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 17, 24, 32, 65, 66, 67, 79, 83, 98 152, 260, 781
51 1, 2, 3, 13, 19, 81, 658

We can extend the idea above and search for primes in the form bn+a, where also b is an integer, and b>1 (the case b=1 would be too trivial to be interesting, as it would just go through all the primes regardless of the value of n). In the table below there are some interesting values of these three parameters for which bn+a is prime:

ban
2 1 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
3 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 12, 15, 16, 18, 28, 30, 55, 67, 84, 228, 390, 784
5 1, 3, 5, 11, 47, 53, 141, 143, 191, 273, 341
7 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 16, 18, 20, 28, 30, 38, 44, 78, 88, 98, 126, 160, 174, 204, 214, 588, 610, 798, 926
9 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 18, 23, 30, 37, 47, 57, 66, 82, 95, 119, 175, 263, 295, 317, 319, 327, 670, 697, 886
3 2 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 10, 14, 15, 24, 26, 36, 63, 98, 110, 123, 126, 139, 235, 243, 315, 363, 386, 391, 494
4 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 10, 22, 30, 42, 57, 87, 174, 195, 198, 562, 994
8 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 13, 14, 20, 38, 44, 77, 88, 124, 152, 244, 557
10 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 18, 36, 98, 114, 134, 138, 212, 252, 516
4 1 1, 2, 4, 8
3 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 14, 15, 42, 114, 195, 392, 555, 852
7 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 19, 22, 39, 44, 49, 63, 80, 87, 102, 107, 294, 305, 399, 463, 595, 599, 903, 944
9 1, 3, 5, 9, 15, 33, 41, 335, 443, 671
5 2 1, 3, 17, 143, 261, 551
4 2, 6, 10, 102, 494, 794
6 1, 2, 3, 4, 13, 88, 177, 184, 297, 304, 310, 562, 892
8 1, 95, 335